English as a Second Language Policy Framework Ministry of Education (1998) pointed out, “English as a Second Language students are those whose primary language(s) of the home is/are other than English and who may therefore require additional services in order to develop their individual potential within British Columbia’s school system. Some students speak variations of English that differ significantly from the English used in the broader Canadian society and in the school; they may require E.S.L support”.
The purpose of the E.S.L. program is to help students to develop English skills and knowledge in academic as well as daily communication. Despite this, E.S.L. also can assist students in understanding Canadian culture and become familiar with the B.C. school system. E.S.L. can provide an academic learning environment to students, such as group participation and discussion, presentation, peer reviews and so on. Through the E.S.L program, students are introduced to academic English skills used in the universities as well as communicative skills in daily life.
In the B.C. school system, students will need to write an entrance test to check students’ English Proficiency. The result will be either placement in an appropriate level of E.S.L. or regular academic courses. In addition, the school will test and update students’ progress in the development of English. As a result, English Proficiency is quite important in the B.C school system.
The E.S.L. programs normally have various levels to suit students’ abilities, such as a beginner level, and an advanced level. The program will address communication and academic needs of E.S.L students at all levels. Instructors make sure that students are capable of moving into the next level. Each instructor will have his/her own teaching style, utilizing a variety of materials as well as activities to improve students’ memory and improve English skills in speaking, listening, reading and writing.
Most international students will have problems with English; as a consequence, the English as a Second Language program can help students to overcome difficulties in English for both daily and school life.