Guidance, Caring, and Behaviour Management

Course Overview

This course offers comprehensive guidance on fostering positive relationships, providing nurturing care, and effectively managing behavior in various settings such as childcare centers, schools, and homes. This course introduces students to the three essential elements of guiding young children: (1) theories of child development; (2) individually identified strengths and needs of each child uncovered through authentic assessment; and (3) the child’s cultural background as defined by their community, family history, and family structure.  Direct and indirect guidance principles are introduced including supportive physical environments (indirect), positive guidance and discipline strategies (direct), and using observations in guiding children. Opportunities to observe and monitor children in a natural environment will be arranged to reinforce the student’s learning.

Upon completion of this course, learners will possess the knowledge and skills necessary to create nurturing environments, build positive relationships, and implement effective behavior management strategies that support the well-being and development of children and adolescents.

  • Course Code: ECCE121

  • Course Credits: 2.0

  • Course Hours: 40

Course Details

  • Your Role in Guiding Children
  • Theoretical Foundations of Child Guidance
  • Indirect Guidance (Supportive Physical Environment)
  • Direct Guidance (Positive Guidance and Discipline Strategies)
  • Using Observation in Guiding Children
  • Guiding Children During Routines and Transitions
  • Using the Decision-Making Model of Child Guidance

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the course, students will be able to:

  • Based on concepts learned and personal introspection, describe their own caregiving style
  • From the knowledge gained during class, reflect on one’s own beliefs and how one will change their strategies in guiding children, directly or indirectly
  • Describe the most well-known theories of child guidance focusing on the settings or systems in which children develop, how children construct knowledge, and psychological, emotional, and social learning needs
  • Describe and practise (role-play) indirect guidance strategies in supportive physical environments and evaluate classroom management of materials and equipment using a rating scale
  • Describe and practise direct guidance strategies using positive guidance and discipline, and demonstrating solutions to various discipline encounter scenarios
  • Identify and describe purposes and forms of assessment, the reasons for observing children’s behaviour, and practise with a variety of methods to observe children’s development and behaviour, including

    • Anecdotal and running records 
    • Checklists and rating scales 
    • Event and time sampling
    • Portfolios
  • Demonstrate the use of an appropriate method of observation in an early childhood setting to recognise appropriate practice
  • Apply their knowledge to describe and practise guiding children during routines and transitions
  • Apply their knowledge in using the decision-making model of child guidance and observing a scenario to create a guidance plan. 

Learning Methods

  • Lecture/presentation
  • Discussion
  • Individual assignments
  • Slide presentations, videos, and visual representations
  • Facilitated group work
  • Facilitated observations and recording activities
  • Supervision of hands-on creation and conducting of learning centre activities

How to Apply

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